INTENSIFICATION OF THE ABSORPTION OF OXYGEN BY WATER USING A ROTOR-PULSATING APPARATUS
Keywords:aeration, ejector, mass transfer rate, rotor-pulsating apparatus, sodium sulfite
One of the important components of the quality of food products is the quality of water used. A common way to remove unwanted impurities from water is aeration, i.e. the oxidation of chemical compounds in water by oxygen. Aeration devices with mechanical energy input in comparison with other groups of devices, namely with energy input with gas phase and with liquid phase, have low power consumption and additional mixing of the processed medium. The work presents a study of oxygen absorption in water in an experimental setup with rotor-pulsating apparatus for water treatment in beverage production technology. In this paper, the energy and technological parameters of aeration of a model aqueous solution of a certain concentration of sodium sulfide in an experimental setup with a rotor-pulsating apparatus as an aerator are determined. The experimental aeration setup allows conducting research in several modes and consists in particular of a vessel, a rotor-pulsating apparatus, two ejectors - one at the entrance to the rotor-pulsating, the other at the outlet, the recirculation pipeline. Air from the atmosphere enters each of the ejectors through a separate air duct. The aeration of the studied water took place in the recirculation mode for 20 minutes. Determination of the oxygen mass transfer rate is determined by the iodometric titration method on the rate of oxidation of sodium sulfite. Experiments were conducted without using a catalyst. It is determined that when placing the ejector unit at the rotor-pulsating apparatus inlet at the angular rotor unit velocity of 240.02; 270.18, and 300.02 s-1, the oxygen mass transfer rate is 1.39; 1.49 and 1.73 kg m3/h. At the location of the ejector unit at the outlet of the rotor-pulsating apparatus, the velocity of the oxygen mass transfer under the same conditions is 1.17; 1.36 and 1.63 kg m3/h respectively. However, the power consumption of the second scheme exceeds the power consumption by the first scheme by 50%.
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