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THE ESTIMATION OF WATER QUALITY DNIPER AND DESNA IN LARGE WATER SUPPLY POINTS »« THE EFFECT OF THE pH ON THE ABSORPTION OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM IONS BY HYBRID ADSORBENTS BASED ON TITANIUM OXYHYDRATE AND ORGANIC ANIONITE

ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY OF AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS AND ELECTROLYTIC DISSOCIATION

A. Zapolskii

ZhytomyrNationalAgroecologicalUniversity

е-mail: zak-38@ukr.net

A new theory of electrolytic dissociation and proton-electron conductivity of aqueous solutions was proposed. It supposed to be alternative to the theory of electrolytic dissociation S. Arrhenius and ionic conductivity. In liquid state molecules of water are associated into the clusters, forming fractal cluster-clathrate structures. Number of water molecules in the cluster is not precisely determined. Obviously, their number in the cluster is variable, which depends on the temperature of the aqueous system and other factors that determine the state of the aqueous system.

Electrical conductivity and ionization of the water system components are determined by the proton-electron interaction of water clusters with each other and with dissolved and/or suspended solids in the water system. Also this parameters are strongly affected by various physical-mechanical, physical and physicochemical effects, such as change of the hydrodynamic regime of moving water, mechanical and physical factors: pressure, temperature change, sound, magnetic and electric fields, UV radiation, dissolved and suspended substances (silicates, aluminum silicates, dissolved oxygen, carbon oxide (IV), bicarbonates, calcium, magnesium, iron, etc).

The dissociation of the electrolytes in the aqueous solution not occurs spontaneously. It is carried out under the influence of chemical reactions. Therefore, in an aqueous solution free ions (cations and anions) do not exist.

Keywords: electrical conductivity, electrolytic dissociation, fractal cluster-clathrate structures.

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06.04.2016 at 6:10 pm