Water and water purification technologies

Scientific and technical news

ABOUT THE STRUCTURE AND MOLECULES DYNAMIC IN PURE WATER

N. T. Malafayev

Kharkov State University of Food Technology and Trade, Kharkov, Ukraine

e-mail: ntmal@ukr.net

 

The model  of  interaction and dynamics of molecules in water within the theory of Jahn-Teller effect is offered in this review. It’s shown that the main contribution to properties of water bring collectivized librational vibrations of molecules. This review generalizes the literary sources and previous works of the author.

Key words: energy of activation, hydrogen bond bending, dynamic of molecules, librational vibrations, Jahn-Teller effect.

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28.11.2010 at 10:40 pm

СаСО3 CRYSTALLIZATION FROM THE LIQUID SYSTEMS. DYNAMIC MODEL

V. Kochmarskii

National University of water management and nature resources use, Rivne. Ukraine

e-mail: as270@nuwm.rv.ua

Kinetic equation (k. e.) of CaCO3 precipitation from calcium-hydrocarbonate systems (CHCS) has been formulated. The form of k.e. and the processes in CHCS depends upon pH within 6<pH<9.5 k. e. is expressed by bicarbonate index. It has been shown that the process of total crystallization from beginning to the end is controlled by diffusion. At the final stage of the process metastable state of CHCS is formed.

Key words: kinetic equation, CHCS, bicarbonate index, diffusion, metastable state.

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28.11.2010 at 10:28 pm

STABILIZING OF THE WATER DISPERSIBLE SYSTEMS

V. Yu. Tretinik, V. A. Yaremenko, T. V. Sira

A.V.Dumanskii Institute of Colloid and Water Chemistry National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine

e-mail: buttya@mail.ru

 

Questions are considered on the mechanism of stabilizing of the natural dispersible systems at treatment surface-active substance (SAS) and high molecular compounds. Pictures are developed of primary influence structurally – mechanical factor in the processes of stabilizing of silica-alumina water dispersions. Distinctions are certain in kinetics of adsorption of macromols of carboxymethylcellulose (СМС), oxiethylcellulose (OEC), carboxyl methyl oxy cellulose (CMOEC) from water solutions on montmorillonite, exposing nature of adsorption co-operation. The features of stabilizing of silicate suspensions are rotined low-molecular (SAS) polymers. At the persorption of low-molecular SAS there is forming of monolayer round the particles of dispersible phase and polimolekulyarnaya adsorption shows up. As compared to them the persorption of macromols is insignificant and carried out as segments. On results the conducted researches Patent of Ukraine is got. The compositions are steady to salt and temperature of borings liquids was developed on the basis of CMC and its derivatives tested at experimental-industrial areas PA «Ukrneft’» and PA «Turkmengazprom».

Key words: water dispersible systems, surface-active substance (SAS), water-soluble polymers, carboxymethylcellulose (СМС), oxiethylcellulose (OEC), carboxyl methyl oxy cellulose (CMOEC), structurally – mechanical properties, kinetics of adsorption, coagulation.

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28.11.2010 at 10:25 pm

USE OF NON-OXIDIZING POLYMERIC REAGENT FOR TREATMENT OF WASTEWATER AND CREATION OF TURNAROUND WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM OF FACTORY

T. Y. Nizhnik

National technical university of Ukraine “KPI”, Kiev, Ukraine

e-mail: taren8@gmail.com

 

Results of use of polymeric non-oxidizing reagent (“Aquaton”: poly-(hexamethylene diamine, guanidinium hydrochloride) – EU; polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride – RU) for treatment of wastewater and creation of factory turnaround water supply system were shown. It was shown that use of reagent “Aquaton” allows to achieve satisfying degree of water treatment and prevent microbial growth in turnaround system and sediments.

Key words: “Aquaton”, wastewaters, efficient treatment, turnaround water supply, microbial growth.

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28.11.2010 at 10:22 pm

OPTIMIZATION OF THE DOUBLE-STAGED SEAWATER MEMBRANE DESALINATION SYSTEM STRUCTURE

S. Shobotov, O. Kvitka, Z. Maletskyi

National technical university of Ukraine “KPI”, Kiev, Ukraine

e-mail: mail@zahar.info

 

Optimization of industrial membrane seawater demineralization process is discussed in the paper. Applying mathematical model of membrane separation and modern optimization methods optimal structure and working parameters of the double-staged membrane system have been found. Analysis of the optimization results allowed revealing economical appropriateness of the double-stage architecture application for membrane demineralization of seawater with different total dissolved solids level.

Keywords: membrane technologies, structure optimization, related costs, modeling membrane processes.

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28.11.2010 at 10:20 pm

THE APPLICATION AND PRODUCTION PROCESS OF HIGH PURIFY WATER FEATURE

S. P. Vysotsky S. P.1, V. I. Kocherentshuk2

1- Automobile-road institute of  state institution of higher education “Donetsk National Technical University”,  2 – Co Ltd “DonAQUATECH”, Donetsk, Ukraine

The review of existent methods of high-purity water production in industrial conditions is given. It is shown, that electro-ion-exchange technology is the alternative to the use of mixed-bed polisher. The evaluation of the methods of post-treatment stage efficiency increasing in MBP is performed. The correlation between the charging rate of particles of ion-exchangers and the ion-exchangers mixed media expansion degree is set. The criterion of determination of the optimum conditions of ion-exchangers mixture separation during the regeneration of MBP is set. The results of investigations of the cation- and anion-exchange resins mixture separation conditions on a pilot plant are given.

Key words: high purify water production, membrane treatment, electroionexchange technology, mixed bed filter, ion-exchange resins separation.

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28.11.2010 at 10:19 pm

BIOLOGICAL REMOVING OF TOTAL ORGANIC CARBON FROM RIVER WATER

L. Globa1, K. Okaevich2, P. Gvozdyak1.

1 – Dumanskii Institute of colloidal chemistry and chemistry of the water of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine

2 – Dnieper water station, Kiev, Ukraine

Possibility of substantial improvement of the river water quality with the use biological method is set. During the process more than 75 % total organic carbon is removing from the water. It is shown that bio-conveyer technology of organic impurities removing from the water and biologically stable water producing need the follow-up study.

Keywords: river water, total organic carbon, biological removing.

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28.11.2010 at 9:15 pm

SOME ASPECTS OF DESIGNING INDUSTRIAL WATER NETWORKS

G. Statyukha, A. Shakhnovsky, J. Jeżowski, A. Jeżowska, A. Kvitka

National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Politechnical Institute”, Kiev, Ukraine

e-mail: ArcadyShakhn@mail.ru

Rzeszów University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland.

e-mail:ichjj@prz.edu.pl

The paper deals with some practical aspects of designing and implementing industrial water networks in process plants. The main issues addressed are: application of statistical analysis to the study of initial data collected at the plant for designing optimal water networks, simulation-based estimation of expediency of optimized water networks implementation. Methods developed are applicable for water usage networks with treatment processes, i.e. water networks with reuse and regeneration as well as wastewater treatment facilities.

Keywords: water usage network, optimization, industrial implementation, data treatment, simulation-based scenario.

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28.09.2010 at 1:01 pm

COMPARATIVE ANALYSES OF SPECTRAL METHODS AAS AND AES-ISP OF THE DETECTION CHEMICAL ELEMENTS IN WATER DIFFERENT APPOINTMENT

I.N. Andrusishina, Е.G. Lampeka, I.A. Golub

Institute for Occupational Health AMS, Kiev, Ukraine

e-mail: irina_andrei@voliacable.com

This article discusses the results of measurement of drinking and natural water levels of 20 chemical elements in different Ukraine area. The highest levels of arsenic, calcium, cadmium, chloride, iron, lithium and lead were detected in artesian and well drinking water. The highest aluminium, arsenic, chloride, iron and nickel levels were detected in natural water. Both drinking and natural water levels of certain essential elements were pretty low. Such opposite tendencies in toxic and essential elements levels can adversely affect the health of local population, and also result in abnormal outcomes in the formation of water hydrobionts. Two spectral methods AAS and AES-ISPare compared demonstrate highly informative capacity of AES-ISP method in practical hygiene.

Key words: chemical elements, water different appointment, comparative analyses, AAS, AES-ISP.

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28.09.2010 at 1:01 pm

REGULARITY OF COMPLEX COAGULATION AND OXIDATIVE WASTEWATER WITH REGENERATION OF SLUDGE OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT

I. V. Kosogina, I. M. Astrelin, A. O. Khuhar

National technical university of Ukraine “KPI”, Kiev, Ukraine

e-mail: kosogina@gala.net

Physical and chemical regularity and the mechanism of process complex coagulation and oxidative wastewater treatment, low-purity by surfactants and dyes are investigated. The basic regularity of regeneration of valuable components of the sludge formed after complex wastewater treatment is revealed. High performance of use of regenerated solution of a coagulant for discoloration of typical wastewater in a mix with original solution of iron (II) sulphate is established.The extent of discoloration remains high during four cycles and exceeds 90 % at a doze of iron of 120 mg/dm3.

Key words: complex coagulation, oxidative treatment, wastewaters, SAA, sludge.

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28.09.2010 at 12:58 pm

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